What factors do employers need to consider when establishing a workplace charging program?
While there is not a one-size-fits-all solution for workplace charging, there are a number of resources available to help employers design, implement, and manage the right program for their organization.
Employers considering whether workplace charging is right for their organization will want to start by assessing employee demand with an employee survey (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/downloads/sample-employee-survey-workplace-charging-planning). Once this assessment is complete, employers may set goals for meeting workplace charging demand, either by planning to meet the entire need (i.e., all drivers that have expressed or will express interest in PEV charging) or by dedicating a percentage of parking spaces to PEV charging. For example, Google has a goal to dedicate 5% of all parking spaces to workplace charging.
Procure and Install
Employers should determine what types of charging stations to purchase. There are a few decisions to make, including the following:
- Charging Level: There are benefits and drawbacks to both Level 1 and Level 2 charging stations in the workplace. Employers must evaluate which option is best for their facilities. For more information about the differences between charging levels and their merits for workplace charging, see the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Workplace Charging Station Basics page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-station-basics).
- Networking: Charging station networks provide maintenance, customer service, and energy monitoring capabilities, and collect payment on behalf of the station owner. However, networks require a fee, and employers will need to consider whether the convenience of charging networks outweighs the financial cost. For more information, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Level 2 page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/level-2-charging-workplace).
Employers should also be sure to get quotes from a number of charging station providers. For more guidance, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Sample Request for Proposal document (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/downloads/request-proposal-guidance). Employers will work with their electrical contractor to determine charging station placement; station installation can be an expensive process, but employers can minimize costs by siting stations in locations that require minimal trenching, boring, and electrical panel upgrades. For more information about siting and installation, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Equipment and Installation Costs page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-equipment-and-installation-costs).
A well-managed, well-planned workplace charging program can ensure station access to all employees, promote strong communication between employers and station users, and encourage responsible station use.
- Registration and Liability: Many employers require employees to register their PEV, which allows the employer to identify the number of vehicles using their charging stations. For example, employers can give registered vehicles a mirror hangtag or window sticker that identifies the vehicle as having permission to use the charging stations. A registration form may also include language that requires vehicle owners to agree not to hold the employer responsible for any damage to the vehicle that occurs while it is parked at the charging station. For more information, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Registration and Liability page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-management-policies-registration-liability).
- Station Sharing: It is important to emphasize that workplace charging is a privilege, not a right. Employees may be obligated to share stations with their colleagues and comply with established charging time limits. While an employer can set up systems for sharing stations, such as reserving the station (similar to how an employee would reserve a conference room) or establishing a set schedule for use, most employers allow users to resolve station-sharing conflicts themselves. However, it is important to establish consequences for violating station policies, such as using a station for less than four hours. By framing workplace charging as a privilege, an employer reserves the right to restrict access for employees that routinely violate company policy. For more information about how to establish workplace charging policies and encourage station sharing, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Station Sharing page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-management-policies-sharing).
- Pricing: While most employers offer workplace charging for free, charging for station use can be a good way to manage demand. Employers may charge for electricity (e.g., per kilowatt hour) or for time (e.g., per hour), depending on preference and applicable regulations. Employers can motivate employees to move their vehicles and share the stations by charging a nominal fee (or no fee) for the first set number of hours (e.g., four hours) and then raise the fee for subsequent time that the vehicle is parked in the space. For more information, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging Pricing page (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging-management-policies-pricing).
For more resources about workplace charging, see the DOE’s Workplace Charging website (https://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/workplace-charging), explore the Clean Cities’ Workplace Charging Toolkit (https://cleancities.energy.gov/technical-assistance/workplace-charging/), or contact the TRS at technicalresponse [at] icf [dot] com.
The Spring 2017 Plug-in NC newsletter is here! Plug-in NC has been working since 2011 to establish North Carolina as a leader in electrified transportation. Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition staff and stakeholders participate actively in this state-wide program that promotes electric vehicles through education and outreach, consulting and resource development, striving to provide a collaborative opportunity to work together to ensure a seamless integration of plug-in electric vehicles into our local communities. Click here to read more.
On March 15, 2017, Wilmington Trust was officially appointed by the court as the Trustee of the VW Environmental Mitigation Trust.
• The unopposed motion from February 23, 2017
• The order of appointment from March 15, 2017
Once the court establishes the Trust Effective Date, states will have 60 days to submit their Certification for Beneficiary Status.
The Greater Charlotte Regional Freight Mobility Plan is here!
The plan is designed to identify methods of freight efficiency, which in effect will increase fuel efficiency. Over 77% of the region's freight tonnage is moved by truck. When we improve freight mobility and safety, it can reduce congestion and mitigate environmental impacts.
The project team will present the Freight Mobility Plan at the region’s transportation planning organization policy and program boards in the first quarter and then broader regional meetings with local government and economic development representatives in the spring. Please stay tuned for what’s next by checking the CCOG Freight webpage for details on upcoming meetings and events.
Click here to read the Freight Mobility Plan, located on the CCOG website.
If you have any questions or would like additional information, feel free to contact jhill [at] centralina [dot] org (Jessica Hill).
What are state and local governments doing to incentivize alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs)?
There are many notable incentive activities at the state and local levels. Many states offer incentives for alternative fuels that advance specific environmental and energy security goals, while cities provide even more localized support.
States are targeting vehicles, infrastructure, and other means to encourage AFV adoption. Below are various types of incentives, as well as hyperlinked examples of each:
- AFV Purchase Incentives: States offer grants, rebates, and tax credits for the purchase of AFVs. While some states may focus vehicle incentives on a particular fuel type, such as electric vehicles, others are more general in their support. States provide AFV purchase incentives to consumers, commercial fleets, and public fleets, such as schools and government agencies. Different incentive mechanisms tend to be more appropriate for different categories of vehicle purchasers; for example, grants are often limited to certain types of entities. Public fleets may not be liable for taxes, so they usually benefit more from grants than from tax credits. Private fleets can benefit from grants, rebates, and tax credits.
- Fueling Infrastructure Purchase and Installation Incentives: Similar to AFV incentives, states provide grants, rebates, and tax credits for alternative fueling infrastructure. States usually create incentives for the physical fueling infrastructure, but many programs also support installation costs. Some states also offer a tax credit or tax reduction for the production or purchase of alternative fuel itself. Fueling infrastructure incentives may stipulate that the fueling or charging station must be available to the public, which helps to increase the availability of alternative fuels to a broader range of entities.
- Other Incentives: In addition to financial support for the purchase of AFVs, states may give special benefits to AFV drivers. For example, some states allow high-occupancy vehicle lane access to AFVs, while others provide reduced registration fees, weight restriction exemptions, and emissions inspections exemptions.
Municipalities are also playing a role in supporting AFV deployment. Cities and counties incentivize AFVs in a number of ways, including by offering free or discounted parking, expediting permitting processes, and providing vehicle and infrastructure grants. For example, New Haven, CT, provides free parking on city streets for AFVs, while Los Angeles, CA, offers instant, online residential electric vehicle supply equipment permitting approval. The Alternative Fuels Data Center’s (AFDC) Local Laws and Incentives page provides more information on these and a greater array of other local options; while the page regarding local laws and incentives is not meant to be comprehensive, it provides users an idea of the different municipal programs and policies that exist (http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/local_examples). If you are aware of an innovative way that municipalities are supporting alternative fuels and vehicle acquisition, please contact the Clean Cities Technical Response Service at technicalresponse [at] icf [dot] com to share the details.
For more information about state and local alternative fuel incentives, see the AFDC Laws and Incentives page (http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws).
Centralina offices are now officially moved to David Taylor Drive, thus the delay in getting this update out to you! Thank you to all who attended the Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition Core Stakeholders Group meeting at CMS Operations Offices on Friday, January 20th. Whether you attended or were not able to make it this time, here’s a recap of what was presented, topics referenced, and links to handouts. Mark your calendar now for our next Core Stakeholder meeting, scheduled for the morning of March 15th, 2017.
Blanchard Bus Centers delivers 26 new Blue Bird Vision Propane units to state of South Carolina
COLUMBIA, S.C. (February 9, 2017) — The first of 26 propane-powered school buses were unveiled today at a ceremony in Summerville. In an effort to be more economically and environmentally responsible, the state of South Carolina has purchased these new Blue Bird Vision Propane school buses to replace aging diesel buses. The alternative-fueled buses will be deployed to service Dorchester and Berkeley counties tomorrow. Read the full article
With more than half a million plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) quietly zipping around U.S. streets, the Energy Department’s Workplace Charging Challenge has been instrumental in helping provide PEV drivers a place to charge their vehicles while at work. Read about our report summarizing workplace charging trends, highlighting top metro regions for the Challenge, and recognizing the efforts of Challenge partners.
Please read more about the challenge and the 2016 report at:
The NC Department of Environmental Quality (NCDEQ), Division of Air Quality (DAQ) will provide approximately $75,000 for funding grant projects that reduce diesel emissions through the 2016 Diesel Emissions Reduction Grant (DERG). Applications must be received by e-mail, fax or postmarked by Wednesday, January 18, 2017 to be considered. Please refer to the table below for information on the five acceptable project types:
Project Type Funding
Grant Amount Paid
Replacement of diesel vehicle chassis and engine
Idle reduction technology on unregulated or Tier 0 locomotives
Repower of old chassis with new cleaner diesel engine
Clean alternative fuel conversions, where the old chassis is retained but the engine is replaced or converted to an alternative fuel
Retrofits (exhaust type, e.g. diesel particulate filter)
For more information and links to the on-road and non-road applications, please visit http://deq.nc.gov/about/divisions/air-quality/motor-vehicles-air-quality/mobile-source-emissions-reduction-grants.
1/5/17 Update: This incentive has now been extended through March 31, 2017.
Effective December 15, 2016, Nissan North America offers special pricing to Plug-in NC Stakeholders, on the 100% Electric, Nissan LEAF. This offer supports their commitment to advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the United States by supporting local actions to reduce petroleum use in transportation.
For a limited time, Plug-in NC Stakeholders can use the organizations fleet incentive from Nissan, to purchase a Nissan LEAF, “America’s Best Selling Electric Vehicle”, at a substantial discount. Currently the retail incentive is $4,000, but under this program Plug-in NC Stakeholders are eligible for a $10,000 rebate. That’s 2 ½ times the rebate available to other retail customers. Combined with the Federal EV Tax Credit of $7,500, Stakeholders enjoy net savings up to $17,500.
Both Plug-in NC and Nissan are committed to environmental sustainability and reducing greenhouse gases. Key to this goal is limiting output from commuting and fleet operations. Zero emissions vehicles, like the 100% electric Nissan LEAF, can play an important role, reducing 6 to 9 tons of CO2 annually for every gas engine car replaced. That’s equal to planting 2,500 trees a year. Already proven perfect for urban commuting, with low operating costs and superior reliability, an EV may well fit your lifestyle.
This special offer is available to Plug-in NC Stakeholders, and cannot be combined with any other Nissan fleet or retail offers. This program is a limited time offer, and will likely conclude without advance notice.
$10,000 (Plug-in NC Rebate) + $7,500 (Federal EV Tax Credit) = $17,500 (Net Savings)
Visit your local Nissan dealer today for details and provide them a copy of this announcement.
Fleet Code B62619
Questions? Contact Cornelius Willingham at 404-655-5370 or cornelius [dot] willingham [at] nissan-usa [dot] com or download this PDF for more information.